Namibia culture is characterized by its very own colorful, creative and lively traditions. The country is located in the southern African region and shares its borders with several countries including South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Namibia. Namibia’s culture is characterized by its unique history, music, dance, legends and myths. Namibia’s history traces its origins back to the stone age and is marked by the presence of some unique human monuments.
Namibia’s culture is rich in local festivals that are celebrated across the country. The main festival in Namibia is the Akoya Festival that is celebrated between the months of January and February. This festival honors the spirits of the dead ancestors who have passed away. This festival is characterized by extravagant costumes, games, masked dances, music, fire and lanterns along with cultural events.
Another important tradition in Namibia’s cultural heritage is the San Tribe, an ethnic group of the Namibia people. The San are a very diverse community composed of different ethnic groups with varying language and culture. They are a part of the Bantu ethnic group and are classified as black or brown complexion. Traditionally, the San were nomadic pastoralists who moved from area to area throughout the year. At this time they were also considered to be one of the richest communities in Namibia with their own weaving and farming cultures.
The San believe in many gods and spirits who live on the plains. These spirits include evil, the dead and demons. Namibia has seen many ethnic conflicts during its history, so there is a great respect for the local tribal groups who fight for independence from the French in the 19th century. This spirit of brotherhood among the tribes is another important part of Namibia’s culture.
The Dragosian tribe is believed to have lived primarily in the south eastern areas of Namibia but are now becoming a strong presence in the centre and north-western parts of the country. This tribe is characterized by its dark hair, dark eyes and dark skin. They speak a unique language which is recognized as Dragosian-English. A small percentage of the dragosians are Christian. There are around 25 groups which make up this unique group of people.
The Kamba tribe is recognized as having been instrumental in preserving the local cultures that exist today. This group was known to have settled in the mid-1990s and were known for being fierce fighters. Their traditional crafts such as sandals made from gourds, hippooses and antlers still exist today. They are also well known for their artistic talents such as jewelry, painting, wood carving and sculpture. Kamba Art Gallery is located at Okavango.
A smaller but significant cultural group is the Sanoe culture, which is indigenous to Southern Namibia. The Sanoe people were found living mainly in farms in the areas of Mahale Mountains and Lake Tanganyika. Their art consists of sculptures and paintings of animals and birds. They also celebrate festivals in honor of nature, fertility, spirits and ancestors. The Sanoe culture is led by the Sanoe tribe itself.
Although Namibia’s diversity of cultures is diverse, the Namibian people still relate their cultures with concepts of life, time and gender. The four seasons of the year and the change of the seasons to symbolize the cycles of life and the sun and other celestial bodies. The four seasons of the year are the Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring and the change of the season indicates the changes of the seasons. For the Namibian people the body is considered to be made up of a house, neck, head and spirit and these are combined into a complete person. There are around five different ethnic groups and each has a name based on their role in the community.